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The Internet




The Internet

In this lesson, we’re going to discuss the Internet. We’ll cover how the Internet has created a new business model that’s changing how companies do business today. We’ll look at intranets, extranets, and e-commerce. Finally, we’ll look at the technology implications of the new Internet applications such as the need for higher bandwidth technologies and security.


 - What Is the Internet?

 - The New Business Model

 - Intranets

 - Extranets

 - E-Commerce

 - Technology Implications of Internet Applications

The Internet: A Network of Networks

What is the Internet? The Internet is the following:

   - A flock of independent networks flying in loose formation, owned by no one and connecting an      unknown number of users
   - A grass roots cultural phenomenon started 30 years ago by a group of graduate students in tie-dyed      shirts and ponytails
   - Ma Bell’s good old telephone networks dressed up for the 1990s
     A new way to transmit information that is faster and cheaper than a phone call, fax, or the post office

Some Internet facts:

   - The number of hosts (or computers) connected to the Internet has grown from a handful in 1989 to      hundreds of millions today.
   - The MIT Media Lab says that the size of the World Wide Web is doubling every 50 days, and that a      new home page is created every 4 seconds.

Internet Hierarchy

The Internet has three components: information, wires, and people.

   - The “wires” are arranged in a loose hierarchy, with the fastest wires located in the middle of the      cloud on one of the Internet’s many “backbones.”
   - Regional networks connect to the Internet backbone at one of several Network Access Points (NAPs),      including MAE-EAST, in Herndon, Virginia; and MAE-WEST, in Palo Alto, California.
   - Internet service providers (ISPs) administer or connect to the regional networks, and serve      customers from one or more points of presence (POPs).
   - Dynamic adaptive routing allows Internet traffic to be automatically rerouted around circuit failures.
   - Dataquest estimates that up to 88 percent of all traffic on the Internet touches a Cisco router at      some point.

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